Let’s Get Stoned! 2020 A Quick Intro

In 2012 I started a blog to help me learn about gems and minerals. It was TheGems and Mineral Diva over at Blogspot. Now it’s JohnnaCrider.com and is mostly blog posts about gems, minerals, and showcasing my jewelry.Along with a few positive posts about people who do good thing.

In 2013 I created an ebook called Let’s Get Stoned!  In 2018, I revised that and included 18 different types of minerals in my collection.This new version is a special edition that will be updated monthly in 2020 as my collection grows. I love sharing my minerals and talking about gems and such.

Terminology

Precious-There are four precious gemstones. They are ruby, sapphire, diamond, and emerald. Diamond is a form of carbon. Emerald isa form of Beryl. Ruby and Sapphire are forms of Corundum. In fact, Sapphire refers to any other shade except red.

Rare Stones–These are gemstones that are rare and many are more expensive than precious gemstones.

Terminated–A crystal or mineral that has a naturally faceted end or point.

Double Terminated–A crystal or mineral that has two naturally faceted ends or points.

Rare Earth Elements–Group of heavy elements that are very similar in chemical properties and are once thought to be extremely rare.

Cabochon or Cab-A gemstone that is not faceted but highly polished and is

rounded

Carat–a unit of measurement of the weight of a gemstone.  A carat is 0.2 grams, or 200 milligrams.

Karat– Unit of measurement describing the content of gold in a jewelry item or ornament. The karat measurement determines the percentage of gold on a 1 to 24 scale, with 24 karats being pure gold. That means that 14 karat gold is only 14/24 (or 58.33%) gold.

Labradorescence–Effect that causes a mineral to display dark, metallic-like color shimmers, usually blue and green. Usually found with Labradorite and Rainbow Moonstone.

Opalescence–Similar to labradorescence but the effect cause the mineral to exhibit a glimmer of different colors when rotated or seen in different angles.

Luminescence–General term describing the capability of a mineral with a habit of giving off light under certain conditions.

Radioactive-Describing a substance that contains atoms whose nuclei are are unstable, which causes it to slowly decay and emit radiation.
There are many more terms and you can learn about them here. 

Every mineral belongs to one of the six crystal groups. They are classified according to the way their atoms are arranged. They also have distinctive properties such as color, gravity, luster,
fracture and more.

Some have fluorescence and some, like Hyalite, are slightly radioactive. Every mineral also belongs to a chemical group. It represents their affiliation with certain elements. Cinnabar, for example, is mercury sulfide and is toxic, but can be treated and worn safely as jewelry.

The classified chemical groups are:

Elements
Sulfides
Oxides
Halides
Carbonates
Nitrates
Borates
Sulfates
Chromates,
Phosphates
Arsenates
Vanadates
Tungstates
Molybdates
Silicates

There is another class known as mineraloids, which are pretty much minerals even though they don’t have a crystal structure. Mercury is one and has a liquid state. Opal is another one.
Jet is actually coal. Obsidian is volcanic glass. Moldavite and Tektites are the results of minerals falling from space combining with the earth at a high temperature to make something unique.
Libyan Desert Glass is another form of tektite. Amber and Pearl are organic meaning they were made of living creatures.

Crystals are often grouped by lattices, or how their molecules are arranged. There are 7 Crystal Structures:

1. Cubic or Isometric. Octahedrons (8 sides or faces) and
dodecahedrons (10 sides or faces)
2. Tetragonal: similar to cubic but longer along one axis than
the other. These create double pyramids.
3. Orthorhombic: these crystals create rhombic prisms or
dipyramids (2 pyramids that look like they are stuck together).
4. Hexagonal: the cross section is a six sided prism or hexagon.
5. Trigonal: these have a 3-fold axis of rotation.
6. Triclinic: these are not symmetrical from one side to the other and often have unique shapes.
7. Monoclinic: these are the ‘stoned’ version of tetragonal
crystals with prisms and dipyramids.

Stoned: February 2020

Silver Plated Amethyst

I bought this Amethyst and was told it was silver plated but it could actually be plated with Titanium and if it is, then it’s done in a different way from Titanium or Aqua Aura crystal treatments. 

Whatever it is, it has a lovely feel to it–almost light and airy. I love how it sparkles in the light and just how beautiful the stone is. 

Malachite

I absolutely love this beautiful mineral especially when it is polished. However it is toxic (read more here) but only when in dust form or in water (if it containates the water, don’t drink it). 

This lovely mineral gets its name from the Greek word, Mallow, which is a green herb.

Malachite is a highly protective mineral that is known to protect against negative entities, energy and even the Evil Eye, but it also absorbs actual pollution such s as plutonium and radiation while clearning electromagnetic smog.

It’s a copper ore which is why its toxic if ingested but its safe to wear as jewelry when polished. 

Gemstone of the Northern Lights

Labradorite is one of my all time favorite minerals. It, like moonstone, is a form of feldspar and the flash is known as labradorescence.

The glow seems to be from within this gem as the light hits it a certain way.

Sometimes Labradorite has a golden flash and there is even another variety called Spectrolite. 

 

 

Gemstone of the Northern Lights

The Aurora Borealis is one of the most magical natural light displays on Earth and can only be seen from the high latitude regions around the Antarctic and Artic Circles.

It fills the sky with a myrad of etheral purples, greens, and deep blue lights. So it is no wonder that the lore behind a mystical rock from the land of Labrador is linked with the origins of the magical Aurora Borealis.

The gemstone, Labradorite has an arcane feel to it as the light hits this seemingly innocuous grey rock bringing into it a dash of blue, green, or golden fire that dances across the gemstone as the lights of the Aurora Borealis dance in the sky.

 

Some of the Ancient Inuits believe that this gem was once the frozen fire of the Northern Lights. Ancient lore says that an Inuit warrior ancestor discoverd a cave filled with these wonderous rocks with a spectrum of beautiful lights trapped within. He took his spear and sought to free these beautiful lights.

Some, he wasn’t able to free but for those he freed they rushed up and into the skies of Labrador to dance freely among the clouds.

The lights that were trapped became known as the gemstone Labradorite and these lights remained inside the gem did so because they chose to in order to help the souls that would come to cross paths with this gem.

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Record Keeper Ruby

Rubies are known as the gemstone of nobility and are one of the four precious stones, but this one is even more unique.

If you look closely in the image or video, you will see a raised triangle or pyramid.

Any mineral that has a naturally occuring pyramid or triangle on them are known as “Recordkeepers”

These are said to contain records of ancient knowledge and information in them.

Ruby was one of the gemstones used in the breast plate of Aaron and is also known for being a very energetic and protective crystal.

 

 

The records in this ruby are said to be that of the Akashic layer and the stone is like an open door into that mystical library that you can only access through meditation.

Some people don’t believe in it and that’s okay. I have been there and actually forsaw my mothers death in 2010. I was told, while there, that before the first leave of autumn falls, she will be with them–them being the long line of people I saw while there.

My mother died six months later right on Labor Day and what freaked the nurses out was that a leaf fell from the ceiling. The leave wasn’t native to the area. So yeah, I am definitely a beliver!

Ilvaite

I swear, I though this was black tourmaline. In fact, in the video above I am holding both an Ilvaite and a Black Tourmaline just so show you how similar these minerals look. 

Ilvaite is normally a black and is somtimes brown to a dark grey and has a submetallic luster (which is what make me think it was tourmaline).

It’s not that common and some websites say that it is a rare stone from Scandinavia.

It has diamond shaped crystals with wedge like terminations and is a member of the Sorosilicate subclass of the silicate minerals.

These minerals have a unusal atomic mixup made of two silicate tetrahedrons that share one oxygen that give it that sexy hourglass shape.

Making Jewelry Down At The Riverfront

I live near the Mississippi River and I love being down at the riverfront when the weather is nice. 

There is just something so soothing about being near water. 

In the video I am making a bracelet with 14K gold filled wire, jade and pyrite beads. The tool I was using, a pen vice, was lost to the hungry waters of the Mississippi River. 

It was one of those moments where time stopped and you were helpless to do anything but watch as Fate took controll. 

I dropped it and it rolled off the concrete pier right into the river. I haven’t bought a new one yet. 

A pen vise is what I use to twist the wire–lately I have just been purchasing the wire pre-twisted. 

Carnelian

Carnelian is a type of agate that embodies fire. It’s warm colors make them very enchanting and these gems are known to protect one from negative energy and spirits.

This mystical gem was first recorded in history over 4,000 years ago. Amulets were engraved with texts from the Egyptian Book of the Dead and placed on the dead to ensure safe passage into the next life.

The Bible lists Carnelian as one of the gems on Aaron’s breastplate and alchemists would boil this gem for their rituals.

All throughout history, Carnelian has been associated with luck, protection from evil and poverty. It’s also known for creative energy while inspiring courage to those who are struggling with difficulties in life.

Diamond

The diamonds you see in the video are raw, uncut and unpolished. I love how simpley they look and jewelry made with raw diamonds is pretty uncommon. 

Which is why I enjoy making it. I’ve worked with both raw black diamonds and white diamonds and would love to get my hands on the dazzing faceted diamonds as well as other colors. 

Diamonds are known as a gemstone of purity as well as clarity. 

Diamonds are also one of the four precious gemstones. 

Stibnite

Stibnite

 

This beautiful mineral that just made me drool and called my name ever so softly just enchants me with that sleek silvery grey color. I found a really cool specimen for $35 and also a sweet Vandanite specimen (saving that for another blog post). 

Upon doing my research on this shiny mineral, I discovered that it’s not just toxic, but super toxic. Both Forbes and GeologyTime have it at number two on their lists of the world’s deadliest minerals. 

Stibnite is a lead sulfide of Antimony and is also known as Antimonite. Antimony is a chemical element with the symbol of Sb and its atomic number is 51. It’s often known as its Arabic name, kohl which is a mix up of Stibnite and animal fat, and was used by the ancients in makeup and medicine. 

There are also references in the Bible about Stibnite for its medical uses. Molten Antimony was also used in Egypt to make vases and knick-knacks. Today, it’s uses include pyrotechnics (think fire retardants).

Stoned: January 2020

The mineral kingdom contines the vast treasures of the world. Every type of treasure is so because it containes minerals, gemstones or even precious metals. I hope that this will show you that the ground you step upon is in fact a vault filled with raw and precious treasures. These are the gems and minerals for the January edition of Let’s Get Stoned! 2020.

Below are several minerals that I have either collected or got to explore hands-on. Scroll down for some serious eye candy. 

Titanium Kyanite

Titanium Kyanite

Titanium Kyanite is black kyanite blades that are lab treated in the same way Titanium Quartz is treated: with Titanium using heat. The results are these mesmerizing minerals that shine beautifully in jewel toned colors. I first came across this beautiful mineral in Baton Rouge and immediately fell in love with the vivid colors. I wrapped it into a pendant for myself with silver.

These treasures are made by permantly bonding titanium over black kyanite and sometimes the camera can’t do this lovely gift of the earth justice. If magic was visually descriptive, it would manifest in the deep blues and teals with hints of pink that dazzle in this mineral.

Alexandrite

Alexandrite

Alexandrite is a rare color-changing variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. Its color changes from emerald green to a slight teal to a ruby red. Sometimes it’s startlingly fushchia.

Mine is like that, but sometimes it surprises me with a bright teal flash. I love this gem. Mine came to me as a gift from a supplier who gave me an extra as a thank you for my purchase. The other Alexandrites were for a custom order.

It was named in honor of Tsar Alexander II, who received a mysterious color changing gemstone as a gift. Some say the gemstone protected the Tsar from multiple assasination attempts. Alexandrite became known as the stone of the emporor over time.

Hyalite Opal

Hyalite Opal 

A few months ago, I came across a photo of this glow in the dark opal. Some of the research I was reading up on said that it glowed due to low levels of uranium in the opal, which is a pretty rare opal. It sounded unreal and I mentally put the gem on my bucket list of stones I would love to have and work with. So when I went to the Mother’s Day Gem and Mineral show in Atlanta back in May, I got lucky. In fact, what’s really cool is that this is a Hyalite ‘hag stone,” a stone with a natural hole in it. The hole was small but large enough for 20 gauge silver wire. 

According to this website, they’ve tested a few radioactive minerals including Hyalite—they got theirs from the same mine my piece came from (Chalk Mountain Mine, Spruce Pine, NC) and the results showed that their Hyalite emitted a radioactivity level of 300 cpm.

CPM means counts per minute and measures radioactivity. It’s the number of atoms in a given quality of radioactive material that are detected to have decayed in one minute. Another Hyalite they obtained from Mexico emitted 500 cpm.

 

How Safe Is Hyalite?

 

HPS Specialists in Radiation Protections runs a Q&A section on their website and someone asked if wearing a Hyalite ring was safe. The question was answered by Ray Johnson who has a Masters of Science among other degrees that he has listed with his signature.

Ray explains that due to the type of uranium in this opal it is pretty safe. In fact, he mentions that uranium has and is still being used in coloring glassware. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) allows the use of uranium in glassware up to 10% by weight, although only a fraction of 1% is commonly used.

Ray also explains that due to uranium being a beta-particle emitter, the radiation from a trace amount in hyalite is self-shielded within the crystal. He also says that the beta energy from uranium has nothing to do with the fluorescence–meaning the brighter hyalite glows has nothing to do with how radioactive the mineral is (my interpretation anyway).

You can read more info from Ray’s answer, here.

My lovely Hyalite came with a natural hole so you already know what I did.

Ajoite

Ajoite is a very rare mineral that is found with quartz quite often. There are only two mines.

One in South Africa which is permanently closed and the other one in the Ajo area of New Mexico.

It’s often a bluish to green mineral.

Ajoite is a hydrated sodium potassium copper aluminum silicate hydroxide mineral (yes it has all that stuff in it!) It’s crystal system is triclinic.

Pyrite Sun

Pyrite Suns Are Rare

Pyrite Suns are often called Pyrite Dollars or Sun dollars, but unlike what I’ve said in my video (below) they are not fossils. They look like fossilized sand dollars that you would find on the beach but these cool minerals were formed 350 million or so years ago deep underground. They are only native to Illinois.  They seem to hang out around the Sparta mine where they appear in between seams of coal.

My particular Pyrite Sun, as someone pointed out to me in a tweet on Twitter, has a cute face on it.

 

Moldavite

Moldavite

Moldavite is a favorite gem of mine. I have had quite an experience with it and it is one of my favorite treasures. In the audio to the left I share with you how I came upon this extraterrestrial gem that fell from the sky millions of years ago.

Almost 15 million years ago, an event of cataclysmic power happened on our planet. Out of this even, a gemstone with many legends, myths and mystery was born. This gemstone is known as Moldavite and is named after the region it was discovered in. The force of the impact has been described to be around six trillion megatons.

This gem has been a course of legends and mysticism from the Holy Grail, to the Emerald Tablets and even the Philosopher’s Stone. Moldavite is one of my favorite minerals of all times.

 

 

Copper in Carbonate

Copper II Carbonate (CuCO) is a rarely seen moisture-sensitive compound from what I hear but it’s a lot more common at gem and mineral shows. I picked up my smal piece in May when I went to Atlanta. I love how the copper contrasts beautifully with the carbonate mineral mix. 

Basic Copper Carbonate which is a copper carbonate hydroxide which could be Malachite and ‘verditer’ or ‘mountain green’ Azurite and ‘blue verditer’ Lapis armenus, a precious stone and copper carbonate from Armenia Marklite, a hydrated copper carbonate mineral.

Specular Hematite

The video above is this magical mineral under a UV black light. I have the light for the Hyalite but explored some of my minerals with it as well. I loved the effect it had on this special type of Hematite. 

Also known as Specularite, Specular Hematite is a type of Hematite that looks like it has mica but it’s not.

It’s actually smaller parts of a silvery metallic specular or mirror-like hematite flakes or tabular, anhedral crystals.

In other words, this stone is like a mirror into itself.

Shungite

Shungite is around 2 billion or so years old. It’s black and is more than 98% carbon. And it’s the rarest type of carbon on the planet. It also contains trace amounts of fullerenes which is a molecule of carbon in the shape of a hollow sphere, tube and more.Shungite is more than 98% carbon and it gets its name from the Shunga village in Russia. It’s known for blocking EMFs and a lot of people put Shungite on their phones to help with that. This pyramid was one of many pieces of Shungite that was gifted to me a few years ago–I gave most of the others away but still have a few left.

Last year, I did a giveaway to promote Tesla. Yes, many people don’t really think Tesla needs it but in actuality, there is a lot of hatred toward Elon Musk and Tesla–many of those against the company want to see it fail and are spending billions of dollars to do so (the oil industry). I have been positively influenced by Elon Musk. In 2018, when my then husband up and left me, I was literally homeless. Elon didn’t know this but shared an open letter I wrote him and it resulted into enough jewelry sales for me to to survive with abolutly nothing except my jewelry making supplies and a few clothes.

I wanted to give back and the winner of this giveaway not only got to meet Elon in October, but she also took a photo with the Shungite pendant by Starhopper. She lives near the SpaceX Boca Chica site. Shout out to Evelyn Janeidy for doing this cool photo shot.

 

Morganite

Morganite

Morganite is a rare type of Beryl which is the same mineral that is prized when its in the form of Emerald, Bixbite, or Aquamarine. Heliodor is another form. Morganite is a light pink variety that emits that pure love viberation and looks very similar ot rose quartz. To me, it feels heavier that quartz and the piece in the photo was on display for a few weeks when I had my store in Dallas back in 2016. 

The pink in this gem is caused by manganese and when its cut and facted into gemstones, it has a very high brilliance. It’s name honors the banker, JP Morgan for his mineral and gem contributions to the American Museum of Natural History. I may not like his bank (Chase charges fees just for charging fees) but one can appreciate what he has done for the museum. 

Morganite is known to help you find your own strenght and courage and reminds you that yes, YOU have a life and that YOU are important here. As Alex Boye says in one of his songs, “Your work here is not yet done,” and this is the message from this gem.

 

Soapstone

Soapstone

Soapstone is one of the most common mineral mixes that is used for carving. I’ve seens many incence olders, boxes and cute sculptures made of this cool mix but the image to the left is unique. I am not for sure, but believe it is Soapstone. It’s a pyramid from Egypt with Heiroglypic like carvings. I don’t think they are actual Heiroglyphs but just decor. 

When I was working at Goodwill, I saw it and had to have it. However, the rules were we couldn’t shop on the days we worked and I assumed it would be gone by next off day which was around 7 days away. Yes, Goodwill works you like a slave and I had to leave that job because the stress was worth the $8 an hour. Back to the story. The pyramid waited for me. 

I mean, there are people who buy things like that but it was as if they just didn’t see it. The lesson here is that if it is meant to be yours, it will be. It’s now happily sitting with my other pyramids. 

Soapstone is made from talc which has a lot of magnesium in it. It is often used for decorative items such as coasters, countertops, sculptures carvings and jewelry. Some Native American tribes made bowls and other objects. The ancient city of Tepe Yahya in Iran was once a hub for the creation and selling of this cool mineral way back in the 5th millenia in BC. 

Whiskey stones, which were though of around 2007, were created as “ice cubes” that you can put in the freezer and use to keep beverages especially alcholic drinks, chilled without diluting the drink like ice would.

 

Titanium Quartz

Titanium Quartz

Titanium Quartz or Titanium Aura is a type of quartz crystal that has been enhanced. The quartz is natural, but it has been taken into the lab and combined with Titanium, one ot the strongest metals there are and the results are these vivid and high vibrational colors. This gem just seems to glow with this otherworldy and powerful vibe which is why I can never resist them.

They make it by putting the quartz into a vacuume chamber and use titanium or gold or other metals in a vapor form. They heat the crystal up to 1600 degrees F in the vacuum before adding the vapor. The atoms of the metals fuse to the crystal’s surface and this is how all these vivid colors are created.

Selenite

Selenite

Selenite is a variety of the mineral gypsum and it is very fragile. The big chunks you see in the picture were much larger. I simply broke them in half with a hammer.

Selenite is also water soluble however it’s not like alkaseltzer. It doesn’t melt immediately but I have dissolved it before in a home made room spray.

Selenite can be carved in to many shapes and many are carved into massage wands.

Selenite is almost like light itself took a mineral form.

It seems to have this inner etheral glow that just soothes the eyes when you look upon it.

It’s one of my favorite minerals to get creative with as it is fragile, yet easily manageable when making jewelry or wands with it.

The name Selenite comes from the Greek goddess of the moon, Selene. The mineral has that ethereal vibe to it and when one is carved into a lamp, that vibe is amplified by the light glowing from within.